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smoking and health

Do you know that smoking affects health in many negative ways?

If you look closely at the Shane and Sally game you will find lots of information about the ways in which smoking affects health and fitness.

Ask yourself:

  • What is in a cigarette that is bad for your health?
  • How can smoking affect health?

 You will find the answers to these questions below.

Shane and Sally
The smoke produced by cigarettes contains up to 1,000 chemicals. The main chemicals are nicotine, tar and carbon monoxide. All of these chemicals are toxic. It is these chemicals that cause smoking related disease.
 When you smoke a cigarette the body reacts in a number of different ways:
  • breathing is made more difficult through the restriction of airways
  • heart rate increases
  • blood pressure increases
 Every year in Australia 18,000 people die through smoking related diseases. There are three main smoking related diseases:
  • coronary heart disease
  • cancer of the lungs
  • respiratory diseases
 However, smokers also suffer more frequently than non smokers from a range of other diseases including:
  • cancers of the mouth, throat, pancreas and bladder
  • increased respiratory problems such as colds, flu and asthma
  • peptic ulcer
  • angina
  • heart disease
  • blood circulation problems

Women who smoke during pregnancy place their unborn babies at risk of being born smaller than babies of non smokers. Passive smoking is when non smokers are affected by the smoke of others. Passive smoking is dangerous as the toxins described above are still present in the airborne smoke. People, especially children, who are often affected by passive smoking have higher rates of respiratory illness such as bronchitis and asthma.

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